Gum or periodontal disease is an infection of tissues or cells that hold our teeth. Poor oral hygiene is a major reason for such contamination. Infectious bacteria grow in the form of adhesive layers and become harden over the period, results of that people have bleeding gums, painful gums, and difficulties in chewing food, bad breath, and bitter taste and even tooth loss.
Gum diseases are not highly contagious but bacteria do transmit through saliva, which can increase chances of infection.
Causes of Gum disease
Our mouth is full of bacteria, researches say that an average human has about 100 to 200 kind of bacteria and can have 1000 to millions of bacteria in mouth depending on oral hygiene. These bacterial colonies get so hard that brushing cannot help in removing it, thus you need visit dentist to remove tartar from teeth.
Other studies say that coughing, sneezing, using the same utensils, the same toothbrush and food can also be the medium of bacterial transmission.
Kissing is one of the love gestures towards people you love or like. Human often kisses their partners or kids to express their love. But kissing can be contagious for periodontal disease? Well! It is not entirely correct that gum diseases are, but chances of gum disease can increase if you are kissing someone who has periodontal disease. Bacteria can travel through saliva and transmit through it to your partner.
So if you or your partner has poor oral hygiene, it may be infectious to one another, which can lead to tooth decay if it gets more severe.
Studies say that smoking, using pipes, chewing tobacco or other uses of tobacco can also cause severe gum disease. High and regular use of tobacco in the form of smoking or others increase the risk of severe periodontal disease.
Smokers have a high risk of bone and tissue loss in comparison to nonsmokers. Smokers also have more gaps between teeth and gums, which increase chances of more bacterial deposition, and it leads to lousy mouth smell, bleeding, and severe gum diseases.
It has been seen that smoker’s gums are less red, and not bleeding as many nonsmokers, but it is an entirely wrong impression. Smokers have shown a slower recovery rate than nonsmokers.
Avoiding nicotine or quitting tobacco can be helpful to prevent gum disease and of course mouth cancer.
Does chances of gum disease increase in Pregnancy?
Most of the pregnant women have bleeding, swollen, sore, tender gums. Due to hormonal changes chances of gingivitis get an increase. Increased level of progesterone in pregnancy and poor oral hygiene can increase the likelihood of gum disease during pregnancy.
Poor oral hygiene can also cause upset stomach, intestinal infection and other severe diseases. Some of the researches say that poor oral hygiene can also affect the growth of your baby.
Do diabetics are at higher risks with gum disease?
Diabetes is itself is a significant disease, but it can also increase the scope of the periodontal disease. Diabetics have inadequate blood sugar control, and thus it causes thicken blood vessel. Both diabetic and periodontal have adverse effects on one another. Due to blood sugar misbalances, it gets much tricky in healing gum diseases.
Sharing toothbrush can be dangerous in many ways, you intake from the mouth, and it is kind of gateway of your stomach. Mouth is full of bacteria, and when you share your toothbrush, you are inviting a lot of other infectious bacteria.
A toothbrush can be source blood-borne diseases, when we brush our tooth, we rub teeth and gums which can be infectious due to exposure of bacteria and viruses.
- A toothbrush can have food particles in it, which also can be a reason for infection.
- Periodontal disease is most common which can spread through a toothbrush.
- You may share a lot of things but never share a toothbrush with anyone.
How to prevent Gum disease?
Oral hygiene is a must for everyone to avoid gum diseases. A clean mouth can be crucial to your overall health.
There are some fundamental and essential habits which can save you from many diseases.
Brush your teeth:
Brushing after every meal can help you to stay away from the lousy smell, plaque, tartar, and other gum problems.
Using floss at least once in a day can help you to remove food particles between the gap of teeth and gums. Toothbrush alone is not so practical to remove food particles and clean your mouth.
Mouthwash not only helps you for better breathing smell but also helps you to fight with plaque and deposition of bacteria in your mouth.
Avoid smoking or any addictive habits of tobacco to prevent gum diseases.
Visit the dentist regularly
Visiting dentist can also help you to know the dental problems. Visit the dentist regularly to keep healthy teeth and oral condition.
HAVE A HAPPY TEETH 😉